Spinal Conditions

Arthritis is a condition that affects many individuals. Also know as osteoarthritis, it is characterized by a gradual breakdown of the cartilage that protects the joints in your body. Synovial fluid, which helps to lubricate the joints like oil, reduces its production, leading to stiffness and pain. Biomechanical stress, injury, and trauma are some of the factors that contribute to osteoarthritis. Bone deformities known as osteophytes, or “bone spurs”, can also occur with cartilage breakdown. Patients often complain of joint pain, stiffness, and reduced ranges of motion and strength.

Prescription drugs such as Tylenol and Advil have been proven to destroy cartilage, whereas regular chiropractic care provides a safe alternative to alleviating the pain caused by arthritis.

Disc degeneration is the thinning of the intervertebral disc, otherwise described as the pad of cartilage located between the bones of your spine. As disc degeneration progresses, it begins to thin, resulting in a narrowed spinal canal space and facet joint irritation, along with bone spur development. Although some patients experience pain due to disc degeneration, many have no pain or symptoms! Degenerative disc disease or disc degeneration can occur in an isolated area along the spine, but often occurs in multiple areas.

At Somerset Family Chiropractic, your Doctor will work with you in order to reverse the degeneration of your discs that have occurred due to biomechanical dysfunction and abnormal stressors to your spine.

A disc herniation, more commonly known as a “slipped disc”, occurs when the jelly-like substance located inside the intervertebral disc of your spine protrudes outward from its inner casing. This protrusion, along with mechanical and inflammatory irritation, can affect the nearby nerves or spinal column, causing pain, tingling, and weakness along the affected limb. The intervertebral disc can become dysfunctional because of trauma, repetitive mechanical stress, the effects of aging, and arthritic conditions of the spine. A disc herniation most commonly occurs in the neck and low back regions.

At Somerset Family Chiropractic, we specialize in identifying abnormal changes in the spine that have caused this condition to occur, and will devise a treatment plan in order to effectively treat your condition and prevent the issue from occurring again in the future.

Vertigo is a common complaint, especially after head and neck trauma. Vertigo may stem from issues within the ear or from disturbances in pathways in the nervous system. Side effects of vertigo are: nausea, vomiting, and profuse sweating.

Chiropractic adjustments have been proven to successfully treat vertigo. In the upper neck, faulty motion patterns create misinformation about body position and movement from the joints to the brain. This type of vertigo, called cervicogenic vertigo, can be alleviated with chiropractic care.

The most common cause of headaches is prolonged tension or stress. These are often referred to as tension headaches. Muscles in your scalp, neck, and face tighten and contract, causing spasms and pain. Factors such as anxiety, stress, as well as mechanical factors such as neck strain (e.g., working on a computer for prolonged periods) or cervical vertebrae being out of place are often the culprits behind a typical tension headache.

The exact causes of migraines are unknown, but there are many triggering factors that have been confirmed. These include: hormonal changes, certain foods (e.g., chocolate, aged cheeses), particular beverages, strong odours, lack of sleep, and even stress. It is not uncommon for a patient to experience mixed tension-migraine headaches.

At Somerset Family Chiropractic, our Doctors can help alleviate your headaches by performing adjustments on your spine in order to ensure that the all the vertebrae are moving without any restrictions and that you have proper spinal alignment. By adjusting your spine, we also make sure there is nothing interfering with your nervous system, which can also be the cause of your headaches. Our Doctors will also work on the muscles and soft tissue in your neck and upper back in order to break up any adhesions that have formed so that your muscles have the ability relax.

Hip pain can be caused by many different factors. Oftentimes, spinal misalignments, along with pelvic instability, muscular weakness, abnormal gait and foot abnormalities can cause hip discomfort.

Having your spine, pelvis, gait and foot biomechanics assessed by our Doctors at Somerset Family Chiropractic can be valuable in order to identify the cause of your pain and to work towards alleviating your symptoms.

Low back pain is extremely common due to the fact that when a patient bends to lift something, a tremendous amount of force is put on their lower back. This often causes their discs to change shape in order to absorb the load, and allow each vertebra to move. Sometimes the discs or vertebrae can misalign or the muscles in your lower back can be strained, causing pain in your low back, pelvis, hips, and also shoot into your gluts and/or down your legs.

At Somerset Family Chiropractic, our Doctors will use a number of different treatment methods to eliminate your low back pain, including:

  • Joint manipulation by chiropractic adjustments to ensure proper alignment and joint movement
  • Active release and cross friction massage to eliminate scar tissue, muscle adhesions, muscle spasms, and forces shortened muscles to return back to their normal length
  • Custom stretching and strengthening programs

Neck pain affects a significant number of people. Recent studies have found that more than 20% of Canadians suffer from neck pain at any given time. Your neck contains many delicate muscles and joints which become very sensitive to pain due to repetitive stress, injuries, poor posture and prolonged sitting.

Chiropractic adjustments play an integral role in alleviating pain and restoring proper muscle and joint function to avoid the condition from worsening or becoming chronic. Chiropractic care provides a safe and non-invasive approach to addressing your pain, unlike the use of prescription drugs and surgery, which have many side effects.

A common condition often seen by our chiropractors is pain caused by postural strains. Oftentimes, our patients complain of aches and pain along their neck, shoulders and mid-back. This pain is often aggravated by prolonged sitting at a desk and remaining in static positions. If untreated for a long period of time, the altered mechanics, irritated joints, and muscles associated with postural strains can lead to permanent spinal changes and chronic pain.

The sooner that your ailments are treated by your Doctor at Somerset Family Chiropractic, the less likely that you are to experience symptoms of pain and stiffness in the future.

Sciatica is associated with pain, numbness, and muscle weakness in the hip, buttock, leg, calf, and foot. The sciatic nerve is the largest and longest nerve in the body. It runs from the spinal column near the pelvis down each leg. Each sciatic nerve is made up of five smaller nerves that branch from your upper leg all the way down to your toes. Sciatica occurs when this nerve is compressed, irritated, or inflamed.

Sciatica can become very serious, which is why it is important to visit Somerset Family Chiropractic in order to manage this condition before it worsens.

Musculoskeletal Conditions

Bursa are fluid-filled sacs that surround many joints in the body, and function to reduce friction between tendons. Any condition that results in altered mechanics and irritation to a joint can lead to inflammation and pain, and eventually bursitis. Joints most commonly affected include: the shoulder, elbow, hip and knee.

Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by the compression of the median nerve, which travels from the neck through the muscles of your forearm and wrist, and into the hand. Patients suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome often experience numbness, pain, and tingling down their arm into their fingers. Compression of the median nerve may arise from degenerative changes in the neck, along with inflammation of the tendons of the wrist. In some cases, carpal tunnel symptoms can be caused by pregnancy, or diseases such as thyroid disorders and rheumatoid arthritis.

Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain. Patients with fibromyalgia typically experience sleep disturbances, fatigue, and headaches.

Research has shown that patients suffering from fibromyalgia benefit from regular chiropractic care. Contact Somerset Family Chiropractic to arrange an appointment today!

Knee pain is commonly caused by structural misalignments and muscular imbalances surrounding the hip, knee, and ankle joints caused by poor posture, repetitive stress, and physical trauma.

At Somerset Family Chiropractic, your chiropractor will identify the cause of your knee pain and provide a comprehensive treatment plan in order to address the issue.

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, as well as pain the arch of the foot. The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament) that connects the “heel bone” to the toes. Most patients with plantar fasciitis experience pain when taking their first steps directly after prolonged sleeping or sitting. It is an extremely common condition in avid runners, athletes that frequently jump, and for pateients who have jobs that require standing on hard surfaces for long periods of time.

At Somerset Family Chiropractic, our Doctors will treat plantar fasciitis in a number of different ways. If necessary, your chiropractor will adjust the bones in your foot, knee, hips, and pelvis in order to ensure that every joint is aligned and moving effectively. A misaligned joint can cause improper mechanics, which can cause the tightening of the plantar fascia. Your chiropractor will also complete soft tissue treatments to allow the plantar fascia and calf muscles to return to their proper lengths, and remove any adhesions that may cause the plantar fascia to tighten up. Taping, stretching and strengthening programs, as well as custom orthotics may also be an recommended by your chiropractor.

The rotator cuff involves four muscles that support, surround, and stabilize the shoulder joint. These muscles can become strained, leading to shoulder pain and weakness.

Your chiropractor at Somerset Family Chiropractic will work with you to alleviate your pain and recommend exercises in order to prevent your rotator cuff injury from occurring again in the future.

Sprains occur when ligaments are damaged, and strains occur when muscles are injured. Sprains and strains usually occur due to injury or repetitive stress. During the initial stage of a sprain or strain injury, a patient may complain of stiffness and pain, along with a reduced range of motion, weakness, and limited function. These types of injuries tend to be common in the neck and back, along with the shoulders, hips, and ankles.

Many injuries occur while playing sports and participating in other recreational activities due to the repetitive nature and impact to the body. Many sporting activities lead to muscular strain, resulting in pain and discomfort.

It is important to visit Somerset Family Chiropractic if you engage in physical activity in order to correct any subluxations that may prevent your body from healing.

Lateral epicondylitis, often referred to as tennis elbow, is a feeling of tenderness or pain around the outside part of your elbow. This pain often worsens with forearm, wrist, and hand movements. Tennis elbow can occur in any activity that causes you to overuse your forearm muscles. Examples of such activities are: typing, painting, recreational weightlifting, golf, and tennis.

Treatment options for tennis elbow at Somerset Family Chiropractic involve joint mobilizations, soft tissue release of forearm muscles, ultrasound technology, and custom in-home exercise plans. The goal of treatment is to eliminate pain and prevent reoccurrence of the condition.

Motor Vehicle Injuries

If you are involved in a motor vehicle accident, it is important for you to visit Somerset Family Chiropractic so that your Doctor can evaluate you right away. You may not experience any symptoms immediately after your accident, but the injuries sustained during the incident may appear in the future. The longer you wait to schedule chiropractic care, the more severe your injuries may become. This often results in a longer treatment plan and an increased recovery time. Waiting to seek treatment may also cause your symptoms to become irreversible. It is important to note that your insurance provider will provide you with full compensation for any services rendered within a certain time period immediately following the accident, so do not hesitate to contact Somerset Family Chiropractic to arrange an appointment.

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head, slip, fall, or a violent shaking of the head. Many symptoms arise from this condition including: headaches, blurry vision, fatigue, memory loss, irritability, and difficulty sleeping.

After the necessary steps are taken to eliminate evidence of fractures, vascular, and neurological damage, it is important to visit your chiropractor in order to address your symptoms and create a treatment and recovery plan.

There are more than 100 different types of nerve damage. The various types may have different symptoms and are likely to require different types of treatment. Common symptoms caused by nerve-related injuries are: sensitivity, numbness, tingling or prickling, burning, weakness, twitching, shooting or stabbing pain, and bladder dysfunction.

Whiplash is a neck injury caused by a forceful, rapid back-and-forth movement of the neck. Whiplash most often occurs during a rear-end motor vehicle accident, but the injury can also result from a sports accident or other daily activities. This sudden force stretches and tears the muscles and tendons in your neck. Common signs and symptoms of whiplash include: neck pain and tenderness, stiffness and decreased range of motion, and headaches.

If you are currently suffering from whiplash, it is important for you get treated by your chiropractor as soon as possible in order to prevent the chronic issues that can remain long after the accident. At Somerset Family Chiropractic, our Doctors will use a combination of different methods to treat whiplash injuries. It is important for the joint to be mobilized immediately with chiropractic adjustments in order to prevent the joint from stiffening. It is also important to decrease the swelling and inflammation in the muscles by receiving soft tissue treatments. After the tenderness has subsided, more intense muscle work such as active release therapy is important in order to remove and prevent the build-up of scar tissue. Our Doctors may also create a custom stretching and strengthening program to return the range of motion in the neck to the to pre-injury condition.

Workplace Injuries

If you suffer from a workplace injury, the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) of Ontario will fully cover the cost of your chiropractic care.


Common workplace injuries include, but are not limited to:

  • Repetitive motion injuries
  • Slips, trips, and falls
  • Sprains and strains
  • Pain due to poor workplace ergonomics
  • Overexertion due to lifting or bending
  • Work-related motor vehicle accidents


Regardless of the injury that has taken place, it is important for you to contact Somerset Family Chiropractic so that your Doctor has the opportunity to fully assess your injury and recommend a custom treatment plan.

Chiropractic care has the ability to not only reduce employee absenteeism, but also prevent and treat workplace injuries. The Canadian Chiropractic Association has named musculoskeletal disorders as the leading cause of workplace disability and health insurance claims of Canadian workers. Read the full article to see how chiropractic care can help!